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5 main types of carpet cleaning

While evaluating the various companies that provide carpet cleaning services for homes or commercial spaces, it is crucial to understand the various kinds of carpet cleaning approaches utilized by various providers since not all cleaning methods are suitable for your carpet.

These are the Five main kinds of carpet cleaning available:

1. Hot Water Extraction Cleaning

This method also referred to as steam carpet cleaning, utilizes hot water at high pressure to ruffle the carpet fiber and extract the dirt from the carpet.

Normally, hot water extraction first uses a cleaning compound applied on a solid surface, then the carpet is scrubbed with a brush, and lastly rinsing is done to complete the process. The cleaning agent is allowed to blend into the carpet for a short while, then the carpet is washed using a carpet cleaning tool to remove the cleaning agent completely. Finally, the carpet is allowed to dry at an air-conditioned temperature or in the room.

An average office with a carpeted surface of approximately 3000 sq ft requires two hours for cleaning and at least four hours for drying. It is recommended that carpet cleaning happens during the late afternoon hours so that after cleaning is finalized the carpet is left to dry out during the night with normal office operations resuming the next morning.

2. Carpet Shampooing

Until encapsulation technology was developed in the 1970s, shampoo carpet cleaning was popular. While it seems suitable for cleaning heavily soiled floors, shampooing has some disadvantages. This method leaves behind a large amount of residual wet foam within the carpet that dries out at a very slow pace. Also, since no rinsing is done it becomes quite sticky. All these side effects mean this method is used sparingly these days.

3. Encapsulation

Foam encapsulation utilizes a base of synthetic detergents that solidify to a powder-like form when they dry. Loose debris and dirt in the carpet are enclosed into the powder when the cleaning agent dries, and eventually, it is vacuumed or brushed off when the foam dries.

The foam encapsulation method has now become more popular than carpet shampooing technology since it requires less water in cleaning which means a reduced drying time in contrast to carpet shampooing. Also, foam encapsulation cleaning has been supported by environmental advocates who prefer eco-friendly products because it leaves behind lesser chemical residue after cleaning when compared to shampooing.

Due to its technological limitations, carpet encapsulation has still not been effective in cleaning heavily soiled carpets despite it having some good cleaning outcomes.

4. Bonnet Cleaning

This method achieves excellent surface cleaning as the procedure largely involves cleaning the upper layer of the carpet fiber with heavy-duty motorized equipment featuring a spinning pad dipped into a cleaning agent to suck up dirt from the surface of the carpet.

Bonneting is widely used in hotels as it provides a rapid way to clean a carpet in public areas with high foot traffic. These areas need the carpet to be washed with limited moisture and dry quickly to avoid inconveniencing hotel visitors.

Since bonneting only cleans the upper layer of the carpet, dirt that lies deeper in the carpet can emerge onto the surface after a short time, making the carpet dirty. Bonneting also causes the build-up of chemical residue within the carpet because the high pressure from the heavy equipment on the spinning pad presses the cleaning agent and remaining particles into the fiber.

5. Dry Carpet Cleaning

Dry carpet/compound cleaning is a recent cleaning technology in this field that has received huge praise and approval by top carpet producers due to its effective cleaning ability and ease of use as it doesn’t need drying time.

Since this cleaning technology was developed in the 1980s, there are various types of cleaning substances and agents that have been introduced into the market. Because it is relatively new in the market compared to other traditional cleaning technologies that have been relied on and utilized for many years, a lot of people are still uncertain about this cleaning method.

The main feature of dry carpet cleaning is using a counter-rotating brush tool that is motorized to place the powder or cleaning agent into the lower sections of the fiber. The brush machine helps the carpet fiber to open up allowing the cleaning compound to settle in, leading to a comprehensive deep cleaning of the carpet

Normally, biodegradable substances that are suitable with micro-sponges are used to manufacture the cleaning compound. These can completely soak up dissolved dirt within the carpet and be fully removed after cleaning is over.

Various manufacturers of dry cleaning equipment set themselves apart by creating their unique cleaning powders or compound formulas and modifying their equipment setup and operation.

Dry carpet cleaning is secure and excellent for all kinds of carpet and is advised for commercial establishments that operate 24/7, as business hours should not be interrupted by carpet cleaning activities.

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