Lighting is one of the most effective ways to transform any space and create a better ambiance. Because of this, it is essential that homeowners understand the basics.

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One of the first things to understand is ambient lighting, which is also called general lighting. It can light up the whole room at a uniform level. Another option is accent lighting, which will highlight a certain point of interest and task lighting provides light for certain tasks, such as computer work, cooking, writing, or reading. For each type of lighting, there are countless fixtures, and it is possible to browse Steel Lighting Co. to see some top options.

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Keep reading to learn about some of the top lighting options that are trending this year.

1. Architectural Lighting

The most common types of architectural lighting include valance, soffit, and cove. All three of these lighting options will be integrated into the structure of the room. For example, cove lighting is found in a shelf, ledge, or recessed higher on a wall. The light is then bounced to the upper wall or the ceiling. Soffit lighting is found in cornice or soffit close to the ceiling. The light radiates down and washes the wall with light. Valance lighting is located in glass, metal, or wood valances (this is a horizontal shield) and mounted over a window or higher on the wall. The light will bounce up and down. The technique of bouncing light off the ceilings and walls is referred to as indirect lighting, which is preferred by professionals because indirect lighting reduces glare and shadows.

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2. Recessed Lighting

These are installed above the home’s ceiling. This lighting type has an opening that is completely flush with the ceiling. Recessed light fixtures require a minimum of six inches of clearance over the ceiling, and proper insulation is critical to making sure that condensation does not make its way into the fixture. Recessed lighting will send a somewhat narrow band of light in a single direction. It is commonly used as accent, task, or ambient lighting.

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3. Track Lighting

Track lighting is suspended or mounted from the ceiling. It makes up of linear housing that contains several heads that can be positioned at any location on the track. The direction the heads point is also able to be adjusted. Track lighting is commonly used for accent or task lighting.

4. Undercabinet Lighting

This type of lighting, as the name implies, is mounted under kitchen cabinets. It can be single puck-shaped fixtures or linear. This type of lighting is very popular as task lighting in a kitchen.

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5. Pendant Lighting 

A pendant light is suspended from the ceiling and will direct light down. Usually, these are installed over a kitchen island or table. Pendants can be used to help enhance the decorative style and aesthetic appeal of any room. Pendants also offer both task and ambient lighting.

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Choosing the Right Type of Lighting

When it comes to choosing the best lighting options, there are several factors to consider. Some of the most popular options can be found above. Knowing what popular types of lighting are available can help a homeowner make an educated decision regarding the type of lighting they would like to have installed in their home.